In this article, we propose a series of tips to prepare an effective oral speech. We will take into account the following aspects: structure, argumentation, creativity, language, non-verbal language, space and time, and personal image, which coincide with the criteria of the rubric used to evaluate the speeches of the students who participate year after year in the TEDIS Speech Tournament, organized by the Centre Impuls Educació.
Elements of a speech
The following is a brief description of the characteristics of each of the elements of an oral discourse.
The first step in preparing an oral speech is to define its structure. It should be clear and concise and allow the speaker to organize his or her ideas in a logical manner. A typical structure for an oral speech consists of the following elements:
Introduction: the speaker should introduce the topic and capture the audience’s attention.
Body: the speaker should develop the topic, presenting the arguments and evidence that support it.
Conclusion: this is where the main ideas should be summarized and leave a positive impression on the audience.
There are different types of arguments, such as arguments of fact, arguments of authority, arguments of analogy or arguments of causality. The speaker must choose the one that is most appropriate for his speech.