Recently in Spain, the Ministry of Education has worked with the Autonomous Communities to reach a consensus on a reference framework based on the DigComp 2.0 model of citizen competence. The current Spanish education law LOMLOE (Organic Law 3/2020a)13 states that ‘it is necessary for the education system to rise to this social reality and include a more modern and comprehensive approach to digital competence, in line with European recommendations regarding key competences for lifelong learning’. In its single article (Organic Law 3/2020b)14, the same law states that each school’s educational project must include a ‘school digital plan’. This plan should be an instrument that favours and promotes the use of digital media both in the teaching-learning processes and in the school’s management processes. The guidelines for the development of the plan are based on the European Commission’s DigCompOrg Framework for Digitally Competent Organisations.
Thus, the Spanish education system, like many others around the world, seeks to meet the digital literacy challenges that society is currently facing, given that they not only cover students/citizens but also involve the acquisition of a specific digital competence by teachers so they can practise their profession, and by schools, which should be digitally competent organisations.